The common opinion that the parrots must be in the warm, that these exotic birds, which are bothered by lower temperatures, have prompted me to write something about it.
Since I've been dealing with birds and since I started with the Papago Park project, ordinary people and those in the profession, ask me where in the winter I keep the birds? What minimum temperature must be in the room 20 - 25 C °? Even one person in the instagram attacked me when I published the photos as I put my birds in the snow. The worst thing is that person is a veterinarian. I do not know who gave her to deal with this job. The person had to know that when the snow falls the temperature is about 0 ° C. But she's got a school and she's smart.
It has proved many times that if you have a driver's license, you do not have to mean that you know how to drive.
That's right with school. They think that if they read from a book about something, when they come out of college to know everything. Experience is much more important!
What is the lowest temperature the parrots can tolerate? It depends on several factors.
The perception of the general public is that the parrots are tropical birds and that by falling temperatures they will get sick and die. FAKE !!!
Parrots are extremely tolerant at temperatures. Of course, the darling god thought about when he was creating them. If any person who, especially in public, asks questions about parrots when it is cold, thinks about where these birds are of origin (regardless of the breeding), what natural conditions these birds live, he may never even set such a question.
Particularly good for me are those who categorically claim that parrots are bothered by cold. Of course, everyone is affected by the temperature of -30 ° C, but we talk about temperatures up to min. - 5C °.
Parrots coming from the South American area experience an amplitude of + 35 ° C and humidity of 99% during the day, up to several degrees of minus during the night, depending on the season. These are the amplitude differences of 40 ° C. The parrot has a customized body for such shocks, if not, she would not live there from the memory.
For Australia, Africa, Asia, the same story.
Some species of parrots live at higher altitudes of northern and southern hemisphere where extremely low temperatures (-10C °) are common occurrences.
In general, it has been shown that all types of parrots can be adapted to low temperatures and exposure to higher temperatures, even if it has gradually arisen.
That endurance is deserving of the mitigation in the so-called the winter feather, or if the parrot enters gradually in the colder period, it feathers grow thicker and protects it from the cold.
Of course it is not possible to take a parrot in a warm home, and put it at once to be out in the cold. Normally it will hurt him. But if this parrot from warm days go to the colder days, it will adjust its body and feathers to new conditions, and vice versa.
One example of how parrots adapt to living conditions is the Amazona oratrix (Double yellow headed amazon). This species of Amazon is usually native to Mexico where the average winter temperature is about 15 ° C.
In 1984, in Stuttgart, Germany,fled a couple of Amazonas and began to reproduce in the wild.
Until today, they have been transformed into a wild dungeon of about 50 individuals, living in the winter conditions of as much as -15C, in snow and ice.
There are some flocks of flea parrots in the UK that live up to -22C ° (in Hyde Park).
In zoos, kennels across Europe from Great Britain to Russia, parrots live at extremely low temperatures without any problems. Naturally, they have access to shelters and then when they feel that they are moving. In zoo gardens in Germany when snow falls, parrots normally play on snow in their volunteers.
In order for parrots to live at lower temperatures, some conditions must be met.
As I have noted, parrots must gradually enter the cold period so that their body gradually adjusts to a lower temperature, and that their feathers are compressed.
Then, the food must be more calorific and nutritious so that the body of the parrot can produce enough heat for heating.
They must have rain and wind protection.
Critical temperature is considered to be -15 ° C and below it should react. I would agree that we need to react earlier. If you keep the birds outdoors while lowering the temperature below 0 ° C, it would recommend that the cage be wrapped, at least during the night, in a plastic tarpaulin to keep the bird safe from the cold. Of course, all outdoor parrots should be worn inside a winery and made some wood shelter. Vanished pan or made boardboard. Some even use old barrels.
What is dangerous in such situations is that the branches where the bird stands is wet. When the temperature drops below 0 ° C, water freezes, and their feet automatically freeze and stick to the branch. This can be disastrous for parrots because they can stay without legs. It should also be avoided to place plastic and metal bars in the volumes.
Wood is, however, the most desirable.
If you see or hear that the temperature will be very low for the weather forecast, enter the bird into some warmer space. If you do not have this option then wrap the aviary, as I mentioned, with the tarpaulin. If you see that the birds are prone to feathers, is inactive, refuses food, and stops, enter the bird into a warm room.
To subdue a cold line, birds can be outdoors and during the cold winter months without any problems, but if you can not afford it, they will still feel more comfortable in the warmth.
The opposite of the cold are great heat. No matter what some of the parrots call tropical birds, they can not support tropical heat.
Birds that inhabit or originate closer to the equator can much better bear the heat of birds far north or south of the equator.
There are also some conditions that should be observed during the hot days.
Ensure the bird's shade, do not allow it to stay in the sun without shelter. They have to have constant water available. Water and food must also be in shade.
Metal banners or some metal covers should also be avoided because they can be heated to the extent that the birds can fire. Do not allow the bird to be in an airtight room. Ensure the airflow, as the airborne hot air can damage the air.
During the hot days, take a shower at least once a day. If can not be different then at least with a pump that scatters the water.
Avoid giving heavy foods rich in carbohydrates and fats. Give more fruits and vegetables and less colorful sunflowers.
The temperature at which the bird begins to feel uncomfortable is 40C °. This is also the average body temperature of the parrot.
The bird is cooled by ventilation. When you see a bird having an open mouth, breathing rapidly and having wings apart, it means it's very hot to vent and help her cool.
Suma sumarum !!
For the Parrots are neither good too cold nor too hot. Both states can cause consequences even with a deadly outcome. But also moderate coldness and moderate heat can not harm the birds, so do not raise panic, and those who think ("experts") ... ignore.